A teleconverter dramatically changes the angle of view of any
lenses with which it is used. Carrying a relatively small
converter can reduce the need to have a large, heavy and often
expensive long lens in the camera bag. Here is an example
of a typical effect.
|These two photographs show the
statue to Carl Marx that was controversially erected by the
East German communist dictatorship in the centre of the city
of Chemnitz, which they re-named “Karl Marz Stadt”
in 1953. Chemnitz is in the state of Saxony, which
became part of the Soviet-occupied zone of Germany in
1945. This zone subsequently designated itself as the
“Deutsche Demokratische Republik”, or “German Democratic
Republic” in English. According to Wikipedia (here,
consulted on 15th August 2017), “On April 23, 1990, a
referendum on the future name of the city was held: 76% of
the voters voted for the old name "Chemnitz". On 1 June
1990, the city was officially renamed.”
80mm Biometar at f/19, 1/250 sec hand-held
The composition of this picture would be improved by a horizontal crop, removing part of the street and also a section of the sky. However, to show the difference between not using and using a 2× converter, I show here the whole of the image recorded on the film.
80mm Biometar at f/8 + Arsat 2× converter, 1/250 sec hand-held
Note that I have opened up the lens aperture to compensate for the converter (see below). Two extra stops are required with a 2× converter. Here I have opened up by 2½ stops, having re-metered the subject.
|These two photographs were taken
within a few minutes of each other, both of them at the
virtually same distance from the statue, using a Pentacon
Six TL loaded with Fuji PRO400H film. A wide and busy
road was between me and the statue, and while I could have
crossed the road to get nearer to it, this would have
resulted in a much less desirable angle of view, as I would
have needed to point the camera upwards at quite an acute
angle, resulting in a less satisfactory view of the face of
Karl Marx, as well as causing considerable “keystone”
distortion to the image of the building behind it. I
had not taken a long lens with me, so the converter enabled
me to “bridge the gap” and get a tighter view of the subject
– one of the common advantages of using a teleconverter.
There is still some “keystoning”, but to avoid it, I would at least have needed to carry a stepladder with me, or perhaps to have taken the photograph from a first (US: “second”) or second (US: “third”) storey window in the building behind me. Such options may (sometimes!) be available to professional or official photographers, but on this website I aim to show what an amateur can achieve with a Pentacon Six outfit.
A close crop of a section of the text (a famous quotation from Marx) reveals that the Arsat 2× converter has not resulted in any observable loss of sharpness.
Teleconverters available for the
There are at least three 2× teleconverters in the Pentacon Six mount:
[C372-26A: three 2× converters with Pentacon Six / Exakta 66 / Kiev 60 mount, plus a Vivitar for the Hasselblad 500C
Front right is the Arsenal 1.4× converter]
The Vivitar 2× converter for the Hasselblad stands out
immediately as being much bigger and heavier than the other
converters (even though it is not as long as the Schneider
converter for the Exakta 66).
For a report on the remarkable Kilfitt Multi-Kilar 2× – 4×
variable teleconverter, see here.
Report on the
Hartblei 2× converter
You can see a report on the Hartblei 2× converter here.
limitations with the joseph Schneider 2× converter
It is the shape of the Schneider 2× converter that is most different from all other converters with the Pentacon Six mount. As with the Carl Zeiss Oberkochen 2× converter for the Hasselblad (not reviewed on this website), the front element of the Schneider converter is mounted at the end of a narrow tube a long way forward of the front mount of the converter. This means that it protrudes into the back of the lenses with which it is used, resulting in some compatibility problems. Although the Exakta 66 manual says that the 2× converter can be used with the 80mm lens, this is not the case. (I am sure that the manual was written before the converter was manufactured.) As later Exakta 66 literature states, the Schneider 2× converter can be used with (Schneider) lenses from 150mm on up. It can be used with very few Carl Zeiss Jena or Arsenal lenses, as they mostly have a rear element that is right at the back of the lens – although it works well with the Pentacon 500mm lens – see the section on 1000mm.
Close-up of the rear of the Carl Zeiss Jena 300mm f/4 Sonnar lens.
The rearmost element of this lens is only just below the mount, and the Joseph Schneider 2× converter cannot therefore be mounted on this lens.
The fork-shaped connector at 11 o’clock in this view engages with a pin in the Pentacon 35mm adapter,
transmitting the aperture selected on the lens via the EDC contacts on the adapter to the metering circuits in Praktica LLC, PLC and VLC cameras.
Close focus and
Converters do not reduce the minimum focussing distance of a lens, but they don’t increase it either! The result is that with a 2× converter, you get the same image as if you had been able to get twice as close! For example:
|* I am indebted to Bob for improving on my
wording here. He points out that "The closest focus to
the end of the lens (the working distance) is
unaffected by a converter." However, he goes on to
say, "The 'minimum focusing distance' is measured
from the image plane (film or sensor) to the subject.
This dimension actually increases by the physical length of
the converter .... the subject to lens distance remaining
the same and hence the camera has 'backed-up' to allow the
converter to be slotted in to the setup. In most
normal applications the increase (75-100mm) is irrelevant,
but it can end up being a significant percentage of the
dimension when macro photography is being pursued."
Thank you, Bob, for helping me to get that clear!
Alternatively, if you are happy with the coverage with the
standard lens, using the converter with it enables you to increase
your distance from the object, thus reducing the risk of
casting a shadow on what you are photographing, or of startling
it, in the case of wildlife, insects or children!
I report on this remarkable converter here.
Occasionally, other teleconverters are seen. I report on one of these on a separate page, here.
The 1.4× converter
Arsenal also manufactures a 1.4× teleconverter which has the
advantage of only reducing the amount of light reaching the film
by the equivalent of one stop, while 2× converters reduce the
amount of light by two stops. (This is not a fault, but a
consequence of the enlarging the image projected onto the film by
the lens/converter combination to twice the size in each
dimension.) You can see it included in one of the
For a report of a converter that is placed in front of
the lens, see here.
If you just want to see results obtained with the 2× converters, see parts of each of the following sections:
160mm 240-300mm 500-560mm 600mm 1000mm 1000-1200mm 2000mm
If you prefer to work through the whole lens test without missing anything out, click below to go on to the next section. You will also see the results obtained with the 2× converters at the appropriate points.
If you are following the results of the lens tests,
the next section is here.
If you are working through the lens data section,
the next section (other converters in the Pentacon Six mount) is here.
To go back to the section on adapters, click here.
To see in detail how the Schneider teleconverter transmits the aperture information to the Exakta 66 TTL meter, click here.
To go back to the beginning of the lens tests, click below and
then choose the focal length that you want to read about.
Back to beginning of lens tests
© TRA January 2002, Latest revision: June 2019